Active Equities

Research Fund (Class Y)  (PURYX)

Seeking to capitalize on the expertise of Putnam's research organization

Research Fund received an  Overall Morningstar Rating  of  

Highlights

Objective

The fund seeks capital appreciation.

Strategy and process

  • A best-ideas fund The fund invests in stocks that represent the highest conviction ideas from Putnam's Equity Research team.
  • Sector neutral The fund is managed with a sector-neutral approach, with the flexibility to own both growth and value stocks.
  • Differentiated research The portfolio managers select stocks in a collaborative effort that emphasizes non-consensus critical thinking.

Fund price and assets

Prior close 52-week high 52-week low Net assets and outstanding shares
Net asset value $37.43
0.54% | $0.20
$44.77
03/30/22
$34.84
12/28/22
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Net assets and outstanding shares

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Fund facts as of 02/28/23

Total net assets
$413.98M
Turnover (fiscal year end)
46%
Dividend frequency
Annually
Number of holdings
135
Fiscal year-end
July
CUSIP / Fund code
746802487 / 1849
Inception date
04/04/00
Category
Blend
Open to new investors
Ticker
PURYX

Management team

Director of Equity Research
Portfolio Manager, Analyst
Quantitative Analyst
Assistant Director of Equity Research
Portfolio Manager, Analyst
Portfolio Manager, Analyst

Manager commentary

Kate Lakin, Director of Equity Research, explains the team’s mosaic investment process and stock selection.

Literature


We believe BDCs are built to deliver dividends in a recession
We believe stocks of business development companies have evolved to better withstand a recession, and their dividends can remain at highly attractive levels.
How an active core strategy can benefit equity investors
An active core strategy backed by fundamental, sector-based research has demonstrated impressive long-term performance versus passive strategies.
ESG: Hearing the signal above the noise
In our view, the best opportunities lie not at the extremes of ESG rhetoric, but at the heart of sustainability substance.

Performance

  • Total return (%) as of 12/31/22

  • Annual performance as of 12/31/22

Annualized Total return (%) as of 12/31/22

Annualized performance 1 yr. 3 yrs. 5 yrs. 10 yrs.
Before sales charge -17.10% 7.48% 9.56% 12.51%
After sales charge N/A N/A N/A N/A
S&P 500 Index -18.11%7.66%9.42%12.56%

Current performance may be lower or higher than the quoted past performance, which cannot guarantee future results. Share price, principal value, and return will vary, and you may have a gain or loss when you sell your shares. Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes. The "before sales charge" performance does not reflect the current maximum sales charges, which we explain below. If performance did reflect the charges, it would be lower. The "after sales charge" performance (or returns at public offering price) varies by share class and fund. For class A and class M shares, the current maximum initial sales charges are 5.75% and 3.50% for equity funds and 4.00% and 3.25% for income funds, respectively (with these exceptions: 2.25% for class A of Floating Rate Income Fund, Short-Term Municipal Income Fund, Short Duration Bond Fund, and Strategic Intermediate Municipal Fund). Class B share performance reflects the applicable contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC), which is 5% in the first year, declines to 1% in the sixth year, and is eliminated thereafter (except for Floating Rate Income Fund and Short Duration Bond Fund; for these funds, the CDSC is 1% in the first year, declines to 0.5% in the second year, and is eliminated thereafter). Class C share performance reflects a 1% CDSC the first year that is eliminated thereafter. Performance for class B, C, M, N, R, and Y shares prior to their inception is derived from the historical performance of class A shares by adjusting for the applicable sales charge (or CDSC) and, except for class Y shares, the higher operating expenses for such shares (note, for two funds - Tax-Free High Yield Fund and Strategic Intermediate Municipal Fund performance prior to inception is based on the historical performance of class B shares). Performance for class A, C, R6, and Y shares of Mortgage Opportunities Fund before their inception is derived from the historical performance of class I shares, which has been adjusted for the applicable sales charge (or CDSC) and the higher operating expenses for such shares. The "after sales charge" performance (at public offering price) for class N shares reflects the current maximum initial sales charge of 1.50%. Class R, R3, R4, R5, and R6 shares, which are available to qualified employee-benefit plans only, are sold without an initial sales charge and have no CDSC. Class Y shares are generally only available for corporate and institutional clients and have no initial sales charge. Performance for class R3 and R4 shares prior to their inception is derived from the historical performance of class Y shares by adjusting for the higher operating expenses for such shares. Performance for class R5 shares before their inception is derived from the historical performance of class Y shares, which has not been adjusted for the lower expenses; had it been adjusted, performance would be higher (with the exception of the Sustainable Retirement Maturity, 2025, 2030, 2035, and 2040 Funds, for which performance is derived from the historical performance of class R6 shares and has been adjusted for the higher operating expenses for such shares; and the Sustainable Retirement 2045, 2050, 2055, and 2060 Funds, for which performance is derived from the historical performance of class R6 shares and has not been adjusted for the lower expenses; had it been adjusted, performance would be higher). Performance for class R6 shares before their inception is derived from the historical performance of class Y shares, which has not been adjusted for the lower operating expenses; had it been adjusted, performance would be higher. For a portion of the period, some funds had expenses limitations or had been sold on a limited basis with limited assets and expenses. Had these limits not been in place, performance would be lower.

Performance snapshot

  Before sales charge After sales charge
1 mt. as of 02/28/23 -2.02% -
YTD as of 03/30/23 or prior close 5.79% -

Risk-adjusted performance as of 02/28/23

Alpha (3 yrs.) -0.08
Sharpe ratio (3 yrs.) 0.55
Treynor ratio (3 yrs.) 11.27
Information ratio (3 yrs.) -0.13

Volatility as of 02/28/23

Standard deviation (3 yrs.) 20.29%
Beta 0.99
R-squared 0.99

Capture ratio as of 02/28/23

Up-market (3 yrs.) 98.82
Down-market (3 yrs.) 99.42

Lipper rankings as of 02/28/23

Time period Rank/Funds in category Percentile ranking
1 yr. 133/630 22%
3 yrs. 177/565 32%
5 yrs. 109/511 22%
10 yrs. 53/408 13%
Lipper category: Large-Cap Core Funds

Morningstar Ratings as of 02/28/23

Time period Funds in category Morningstar Rating
Overall 1226
3 yrs. 1226
5 yrs. 1120
10 yrs. 822
Morningstar category: Large Blend

Distributions

Record/Ex dividend date 12/06/22
Payable date 12/08/22
Income $0.502
Extra income --
Short-term cap. gain $0.073
Long-term cap. gain $2.831

Lipper rankings are based on total return without sales charge relative to all share classes of funds with similar objectives as determined by Lipper. Past performance is not indicative of future results.

Morningstar Ratings for the specific share classes only; other classes may have different performance characteristics.

The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a 3-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The Morningstar Rating does not include any adjustment for sales loads. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its 3-, 5-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% 3-year rating for 36–59 months of total returns, 60% 5-year rating/40% 3-year rating for 60–119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% 5-year rating/20% 3-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent 3-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

Some of Morningstar's proprietary calculations, including the Morningstar Rating™, are not customarily calculated based on adjusted historical returns. However, for new share classes/channels, Morningstar may calculate an extended performance Morningstar Rating that is based, in part, on adjusted historical (or "pre-inception") returns for periods prior to the inception of the share class of the fund shown herein ("Report Share Class").

The extended performance is calculated by creating a performance stream consisting of the Report Share Class and older share class(s). Morningstar adjusts the historical total returns of the older share class(es) of a fund to reflect higher expenses in the Report Share Class. Morningstar does not hypothetically adjust returns upwards for lower expenses.

The extended performance Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return is then calculated for 3-, 5-, and 10-year time periods and used to determine the extended performance Morningstar Rating. The extended performance Morningstar Rating for this fund does not affect the retail fund data published by Morningstar, as the bell curve distribution on which the ratings are based includes only funds with actual returns. The Overall Morningstar Rating for multi-share open-end funds will be either based on actual performance only or extended performance only. Once the share class turns three years old, the Overall Morningstar Rating will be based on actual ratings only. The Overall Morningstar Rating for multi-share variable annuities is based on a weighted average of any ratings that are available.

While the inclusion of pre-inception data, in the form of extended performance, can provide valuable insight into the probable long-term behavior of newer share classes of a fund, investors should be aware that an adjusted historical return can only provide an approximation of that behavior. For example, the fee structures of a retail share class will vary from that of an institutional share class, as retail shares tend to have higher operating expenses and sales charges. These adjusted historical returns are not actual returns. The underlying investments in the share classes used to calculate the pre-performance string will likely vary from the underlying investments held in the fund after inception. Calculation methodologies utilized by Morningstar may differ from those applied by other entities, including the fund itself.

© 2023 Morningstar. All Rights Reserved. The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar and/or its content providers; (2) may not be copied or distributed; and (3) is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely. Neither Morningstar nor its content providers are responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

The up-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has risen. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the up-market, and multiplying that factor by 100. The down-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has dropped. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the down-market and multiplying that factor by 100.


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Holdings

Microsoft Corp 5.40%
Apple 4.50%
Alphabet 3.06%
Amazon.Com 2.60%
Exxon Mobil Corp 2.40%
Oracle Corp 2.23%
Mastercard 2.23%
UnitedHealth Group 1.99%
Home Depot 1.94%
Nvidia Corp 1.94%
Top 10 holdings, percent of portfolio 28.30%



Portfolio composition as of 02/28/23

Common stock 98.13%
Cash and net other assets 1.87%

Equity statistics as of 02/28/23

Median market cap $66.59B
Weighted average market cap $420.05B
Price to book 3.54
Price to earnings 17.36

Fund characteristics will vary over time.

Due to rounding, percentages may not equal 100%.

Consider these risks before investing: Growth stocks may be more susceptible to earnings disappointments, and value stocks may fail to rebound. The value of investments in the fund’s portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political, or financial market conditions; investor sentiment and market perceptions; government actions; geopolitical events or changes; and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry, or sector. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund’s portfolio holdings.

Our investment techniques, analyses, and judgments may not produce the outcome we intend. The investments we select for the fund may not perform as well as other securities that we do not select for the fund. We, or the fund’s other service providers, may experience disruptions or operating errors that could have a negative effect on the fund. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

Sector weightings as of 02/28/23

Information technology 24.85%
Health care 14.68%
Consumer discretionary 11.71%
Financials 10.45%
Industrials 8.61%
Communication services 7.44%
Consumer staples 6.68%
Energy 5.89%
Materials 3.62%
 
Other
6.07%
Utilities 3.04%
Cash and net other assets 1.87%
Real estate 1.16%

The unclassified sector (where applicable) includes exchange traded funds and other securities not able to be classified by sector.

Sectors will vary over time.


Expenses

Expense ratio

Class A Class B Class C Class R Class R6 Class Y
Total expense ratio 1.02% 1.77% 1.77% 1.27% 0.67% 0.77%
What you pay 1.02% 1.77% 1.77% 1.27% 0.67% 0.77%

Sales charge

 Breakpoint Class A Class B Class C Class R Class R6 Class Y
$0-$49,999 5.75% / 5.00% 0.00% / 4.00% 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$50,000-$99,999 4.50% / 3.75% 0.00% / 4.00% 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$100,000-$249,999 3.50% / 2.75% -- 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$250,000-$499,999 2.50% / 2.00% -- 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$500,000-$999,999 2.00% / 1.75% -- 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$1M-$4M 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- -- -- --
$4M-$50M 0.00% / 0.50% -- -- -- -- --
$50M+ 0.00% / 0.25% -- -- -- -- --

CDSC

  Class A (sales for $1,000,000+) Class B Class C Class R Class R6 Class Y
0 to 9 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- --
9 to 12 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- --
2 yrs. 0.00% 4.00% 0.00% -- -- --
3 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- --
4 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- --
5 yrs. 0.00% 2.00% 0.00% -- -- --
6 yrs. 0.00% 1.00% 0.00% -- -- --
7+ yrs. 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -- -- --

Trail commissions

  Class A Class B Class C Class R Class R6 Class Y
  0.25% 0.25% 1.00% 0.50% 0.00% 0.00%
  NA NA NA NA NA NA
  NA NA NA NA NA NA

For sales and trail commission information on purchases over $1 million and participant-directed qualified retirement plans, see a Putnam fund prospectus and the statement of additional information.

The S&P 500® Index is an unmanaged index of common stock performance. You cannot invest directly in an index.

Consider these risks before investing: Growth stocks may be more susceptible to earnings disappointments, and value stocks may fail to rebound. The value of investments in the fund’s portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political, or financial market conditions; investor sentiment and market perceptions; government actions; geopolitical events or changes; and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry, or sector. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund’s portfolio holdings.

Our investment techniques, analyses, and judgments may not produce the outcome we intend. The investments we select for the fund may not perform as well as other securities that we do not select for the fund. We, or the fund’s other service providers, may experience disruptions or operating errors that could have a negative effect on the fund. You can lose money by investing in the fund.