A leveraged company employs a significant amount of debt in its capital structure through any combination of:

  • Borrowing money from banks and other lendersBorrowing from banks and other lenders
  • Issuing fixed-income convertible or preferred equity securities

Many of these companies lack the operating history or balance-sheet strength to merit an investment-grade bond rating from the major rating agencies.


Leveraged Companies

Why would a company become leveraged? »

Consider these risks before investing: Investments in small and/or midsize companies increase the risk of greater price fluctuations. Growth stocks may be more susceptible to earnings disappointments, and value stocks may fail to rebound. Our focus on leveraged companies and the funds' "non-diversified" status can increase the funds' vulnerability to these factors. The use of short selling may increase these risks. Stock prices may fall or fail to rise over time for several reasons, including general financial market conditions and factors related to a specific issuer company or industry. You can lose money by investing in the funds. For Capital Spectrum, these risks also apply: Lower-rated bonds may offer higher yields in return for more risk. Growth stocks may be more susceptible to earnings disappointments, and value stocks may fail to rebound. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. Our use of short selling may increase these risks. Mortgage-backed securities are subject to prepayment risk and the risk that they may increase in value less when interest rates decline and decline in value more when interest rates rise. Stock and bond prices may fall or fail to rise over time for several reasons, including general financial market conditions and factors related to a specific issuer or industry.