Putnam Investments

The muni bond

 advantage

With historically low interest rates and heightened market volatility, striking the right balance between generating income and preserving principal can be challenging. Municipal bonds may be one solution, particularly for higher income earners.

Twenty-eight states — home to 61% of the U.S. population — offer average muni bond yields at least as high as U.S. Treasuries — even before taxes.

Data as of 12/31/13. Sources: U.S. Treasury, Barclays Municipal Credit Research, Standard & Poor’s, The Tax Foundation, and U.S. Census (estimated data). State municipal bond yields represented the yield to worst of the Barclays Municipal Bond Index from that state. Muni yield figures do not reflect the potential effects of the alternative minimum tax. Credit ratings are by Standard & Poor’s, and are subject to change. While all bonds have risks, municipal bonds may have a higher level of credit risk as compared with government bonds and CDs. Yields shown are not indicative of the performance of any particular investment, and it is not possible to invest directly in an index. Past performance is not indicative of future results.

Putnam Investmentes

Investors should carefully consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses of a fund before investing. For a prospectus, or a summary prospectus if available, containing this and other information for any Putnam fund or product, call your financial representative or call Putnam at 1-800-225-1581. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Consider these risks before investing: Single-state investments are at risk of common economic forces and other factors affecting a state’s tax-exempt investments. This may result in greater losses and volatility. Capital gains, if any, are taxable for federal and, in most cases, state purposes. Income from federally tax-exempt funds may be subject to state and local taxes. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. The funds may invest significantly in particular segments of the tax-exempt debt market, making them more vulnerable to fluctuations in the values of the securities they hold than a fund that invests more broadly. Interest the funds receive might be taxable. Bond prices may fall or fail to rise over time for several reasons, including general financial market conditions and factors related to a specific issuer. You can lose money by investing in the funds.

© Putnam Retail Management