As the stock market weighs the prospects for earnings and recovery, Richard E. Bodzy and Gregory D. McCullough, CFA, portfolio managers of the U.S. Large Cap Growth Equity strategy, discuss their strategies and outlook.
- We are seeing new opportunities across a range of industries, especially in the technology, health-care, and consumer segments of the market.
- When we consider new holdings for the portfolio, we seek to manage risk by looking at the stock’s prior downside capture.
- We are analyzing demand drivers that are likely to persist through the remainder of the downturn and into the recovery and normalization phases.
What’s next? Headwinds and opportunities
Richard: Our portfolio is not immune to the impacts of COVID-19, but we want to emphasize that our strategy does not require economic acceleration to succeed. However, we anticipate challenging times ahead as unemployment will rise, default rates will increase, and we’re likely to enter a recessionary environment for some period of time. Conversely, we’re impressed with the speed of fiscal and monetary stimulus, which has helped to stabilize the markets. We don’t see $2 trillion — the size of emergency economic relief — as a magic number, and we think stimulus measures will increase.
Greg: The macro uncertainty is challenging, but we believe the downturn presents opportunities. We are absolutely using weakness in the overall market to add to existing holdings or to initiate new positions. There are many stocks that have been on our radar for months, if not years, but did not make it into our portfolio for various reasons, often due to their high valuations. Today, we believe valuations have become much more attractive for a number of businesses that meet our investment criteria. They are in many sectors, but principally in the technology, health-care, and consumer segments of the market.
We are absolutely using weakness in the overall market to add to existing holdings or to initiate new positions.
Managing risk amid uncertainty
Greg: Although the portfolio was not completely immune from a massive economic shock like this, we believe we came into it with better positioning. We spend a significant amount of time on portfolio construction. We aim to allocate our risk budget to specific stocks, rather than trying to make calls on sectors or industries. We typically keep our sector weights in a 3% band relative to the benchmark.* We want individual stock selection to drive performance of the portfolio as opposed to an over-allocation to a sector or industry.
For risk management, we look at prior downside capture when evaluating a new name for the portfolio. We consider how a business has performed fundamentally in other difficult economic environments. We spend as much time thinking about the vulnerabilities of a business as we do about the opportunities.
We spend as much time thinking about the vulnerabilities of a business as we do about the opportunities.
*Portfolio targets are subject to change.
We seek more than just absolute growth
Richard: For our process, it’s much more than simply finding the highest grower in a particular sector. We are fixated on the duration and durability of growth as much as the absolute level of growth. We don’t want a company that will grow 40% in one quarter, only to decline 10% in the following quarter. We’re looking for a very narrow range of financial outcomes. We are attracted to business models in which there is visibility around cash flows as well as a lack of economic sensitivity. We believe this criteria differentiates us from many of our growth peers.
Many businesses may be poised to benefit from the challenge
Greg: If you think about how our lives have changed in the past several weeks, the benefits of cloud computing become apparent. This is the infrastructure that enables distance learning, business communication and productivity tools, social media, and gaming. As the COVID-19 crisis escalated, we witnessed a significant rise in the adoption of public cloud systems as demand soared from businesses, schools, and consumers. We believe these demand drivers are likely to persist through the remainder of the downturn and into the recovery and normalization phases. Not only have these businesses been resilient and strong during the crisis, we believe they are likely to become stronger in the aftermath.
Emerging from the crisis: What to expect
Richard: In our ongoing discussions, we think about potential changes in behavior, and what might look different as we come out on the other side of the pandemic. After 9/11, for example, we saw significant changes in TSA procedures and airline passenger screening. Now, we could see people getting their temperature taken upon entering a football stadium or boarding a plane. We may see individual states stockpiling medical supplies as a matter of course. Some changes will be temporary, others more lasting.
Greg: In our research and analysis, we do not try to call a market bottom. We are focused on identifying companies that can weather the storm and emerge even stronger. We’re not looking for the industry or company that’s been the most damaged, hoping for a V-shaped snap-back in demand in a certain end market. We are asking what the new normal will look like, and which companies will benefit in a more radical and durable way. The online grocery business, for example, may enjoy longer-lasting benefits, as many consumers have opened multiple online grocery accounts in the midst of this crisis. Even as brick-and-mortar stores re-open, demand could stay strong as more consumers now recognize the advantages of online grocery shopping.
We are discussing what the new normal will look like, and which companies will benefit in a more radical and durable way.
In other areas of retail, there are businesses that were in a strong position coming into this, with solid strategies in place to drive e-commerce penetration. Over the past several weeks, we’ve seen these businesses accelerate their e-commerce investments, and they have gained new customers among demographic groups they would never have imagined a month ago.
Strategy in pursuit of success going forward: Active management
Richard: Six weeks ago, none of us could have anticipated a very rapid 30% decline in the Russell 1000 Growth Index, much less the unprecedented financial “plumbing” efforts we have seen to stabilize the markets and economy. The overall effects of this pandemic are still uncertain, but we do know that the business landscape will look different as the economy turns a corner to recover from this crisis.
Greg: As investors are faced with many uncertainties, we are focused on the potential advantages of our active management approach — one that does not require economic acceleration to succeed. We are able to target companies that fit our stringent criteria and that may not be held in our benchmark or in the portfolios of our peers. These are businesses we believe can not only grow though this challenging economic environment, but also have the potential to improve their market share and competitive positioning as we emerge from this into a new business cycle.
The Russell 1000 Growth Index is an unmanaged index of those companies in the large-cap Russell 1000 Index chosen for their growth orientation.
Frank Russell Company is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks, and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell® is a trademark of Frank Russell Company.
This material is a general communication being provided for informational and educational purposes only. It is not designed to be a recommendation of any specific investment product, strategy, or decision, and is not intended to suggest taking or refraining from any course of action. The material was not prepared, and is not intended, to address the needs, circumstances, and objectives of any specific institution, plan, or individual(s). Putnam is not providing advice in a fiduciary capacity under applicable law in providing this material, which should not be viewed as impartial, because it is provided as part of the general marketing and advertising activities of Putnam, which earns fees when clients select its products and services. The views and strategies described herein may not be suitable for all investors. Putnam Investments does not guarantee any minimum level of investment performance or the success of any investment strategy. As with any investment there is a potential for profit as well as the possibility of loss.