Diversified Income Trust (Class A)  (PDINX)

Offering a diversified portfolio of income opportunities since 1988

Q2 2020 | Diversified Income Trust Q&A

  • Risk assets rebounded sharply since the end of March.
  • Corporate credit holdings and strategies targeting prepayment risk provided a major boost to the fund's performance.
  • As the second half of 2020 begins, investors will focus on economic data, corporate earnings, and signs of progress toward a coronavirus vaccine.

How did the fund perform for the three months ended June 30, 2020?

The fund's class Y shares advanced 7.07%, outpacing the 0.02% return of our cash benchmark, the ICE BofA U.S. Treasury Bill Index. The fund also outperformed the broad investment-grade fixed income market, as measured by the 2.90% gain of the BBG Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index.

What was the market environment like during the second quarter of 2020?

There was a massive reversal in both market sentiment and price levels across asset classes during the quarter. Fiscal and monetary stimulus, along with hopes of a sharp economic recovery, fueled the snapback. The U.S. Federal Reserve [Fed] began implementing a series of lending programs by making asset purchases across a variety of market sectors.

Against this backdrop, investment-grade corporate bonds and high-yield credit advanced 9% and 9.7%, respectively, as investors reembraced risk. Emerging-market debt did even better, jumping 12.3% in U.S.-dollar terms. Meanwhile, more defensive areas of the market lagged, including U.S. government securities and agency mortgage-backed bonds. Interest rates were rangebound throughout the quarter, with the yield on the benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury note staying below 1%.

In April, oil prices briefly dipped into negative territory before rising on further supply cuts and hopes that demand will increase as the economy reopens. While the energy sector has been one of the biggest laggards for the year to date through June, it was by far the best-performing group in the second quarter. Other sectors that were negatively impacted by the coronavirus also recovered, except for airlines, which continued to struggle amid reduced demand for air travel.

Which holdings and strategies fueled the fund's performance?

Our corporate credit holdings — primarily high-yield bonds and convertible securities — added the most value this quarter. Following a sizable widening of yield spreads in March, spreads tightened during the quarter. [Spreads are the yield advantage credit-sensitive bonds offer over comparable-maturity U.S. Treasuries. Bond prices rise as spreads tighten and decline as spreads widen.] Unprecedented stimulus measures implemented by government policymakers boosted investor confidence by helping to offset some of the near-term economic uncertainty sparked by the coronavirus pandemic.

Strategies targeting prepayment risk also meaningfully contributed, particularly our holdings of interest-only [IO] securities and bonds backed by reverse mortgages. As new issuance resumed following March's market upheaval, these positions benefited from improving supply-and-demand dynamics.

Emerging-market debt was a further notable contributor, primarily positions in Argentina, Senegal, and the Ivory Coast. As noted above, the sector rallied sharply in response to healthier risk appetite and demand for higher-yielding securities.

The fund's interest-rate and yield-curve positioning also helped this quarter. Having a modestly positive portfolio duration during the period aided results as rates fell across the curve.

What about detractors?

Within our mortgage credit holdings, synthetic exposure to commercial mortgage-backed securities [CMBS] via CMBX was the primary detractor this period. [CMBX includes a group of tradeable indexes that reference a basket of 25 CMBS deals issued in a particular year.] In a continuation from March, investors worried that the pandemic could severely impact cash flows in various segments of the commercial real estate market, particularly retail and lodging. Public health policies that curtailed shopping and travel for millions of people constrained the revenues for many malls and travel destinations.

The Fed's announcement that AAA-rated CMBS would be included in its Term Asset-Backed Loan Facility [TALF], along with stronger demand for risk, helped the sector rebound in June. However, this boost was not enough to fully offset earlier losses. TALF is a reprise of a program launched in 2009 that enabled investors to buy bonds linked to consumer and business debt using money borrowed from the Fed.

In the residential mortgage market, our positions in agency credit-risk transfer securities [CRTs] performed well amid rekindled investor demand. The performance of our CRT holdings partially offset the overall negative outcome for our mortgage-credit strategies.

What is your near-term outlook?

As the quarter came to a close, coronavirus cases began to reaccelerate, particularly in areas of the country that were the first to open. As a result, plans to fully reopen certain parts of the economy, such as restaurants and bars, have been put on hold in the areas most affected.

Amid stronger-than-expected economic reports, investors seem to be shrugging off the increase in infection rates, at least for now. As we begin the second half of 2020, it is likely that the coronavirus will continue to dominate the news. Investors, meanwhile, will remain focused on economic data, indications of progress toward a vaccine, and the impact of second-quarter earnings on corporate balance sheets

How was the fund positioned as of June 30?

Reflecting the fund's relatively cautious overall positioning, we continue to hold securities across sectors that have less price sensitivity to changes in yield spreads.

Within corporate credit, high yield remained the fund's largest allocation. We also have modest allocations in investment-grade credit and convertible securities.

COVID-19 created significant headwinds for the CMBS market because commercial real estate is in the "eye of the storm." Uncertainty about the duration of social distancing measures makes for a challenging backdrop, particularly for hotel and retail properties, which have only recently begun reopening.

We believe most properties that were functioning well prior to the crisis and have reasonable levels of equity will survive, buoyed by government support, operator reserves, and/or debt-service modifications.

We continue to have conviction in the fund's CMBX positions, which we believe offer value at the single A and BBB levels for indexes representing 2012–2014 issuance. In addition, we think the relatively large sell-off in newer vintages has presented additional value in that part of the market.

In our view, prepayment-sensitive areas of the market directly benefit when there are increased frictions in the housing finance industry. Given the potential for a deepening of the recession, there are ongoing risks related to high unemployment, weaker projected home-price appreciation, lower home turnover, and reduced homeowner mobility. Even as the use of mortgage forbearance grows, cash flows to investors from agency mortgages are guaranteed by government-sponsored enterprises. As a result, we continue to have confidence in the fund's holdings of interest-only collateralized mortgage obligations and inverse IOs backed by more seasoned collateral.

Highlights

Objective

The fund seeks as high a level of current income as Putnam management believes is consistent with preservation of capital.

Strategy and process

  • Broad diversification: The fund seeks multiple sources of return outside the constraints of its benchmark, investing across traditional and alternative bond markets.
  • Flexible risk allocations: The fund takes a unique approach to asset allocation, dynamically establishing diversified risk exposures rather than sector exposures.
  • Active duration management: As the fund's duration is independent of any index, the fund employs strategies that seek to reduce interest-rate risk.

Fund price

Yesterday’s close 52-week high 52-week low
Net asset value $6.48
0.31% | $0.02
$7.14
01/15/20
$5.79
03/23/20
(Optional)

Fund facts as of 06/30/20

Total net assets
$3,314.53M
Turnover (fiscal year end)
701%
Dividend frequency (view rate)
Monthly
Number of holdings
1957
Fiscal year-end
September
CUSIP / Fund code
746704105 / 0022
Inception date
10/03/88
Class A  
Category
Fixed Income
Open to new investors
Ticker
PDINX

Management team

Chief Investment Officer, Fixed Income
Portfolio Manager
Portfolio Manager
Portfolio Manager
Portfolio Manager
Co-Head of Fixed Income
Co-Head of Fixed Income



Performance

  • Total return (%) as of 06/30/20

  • Annual performance as of 06/30/20

Annualized Total return (%) as of 06/30/20

Annualized performance 1 yr. 3 yrs. 5 yrs. 10 yrs.
Before sales charge -3.43% 1.65% 2.21% 3.41%
After sales charge -7.30% 0.28% 1.38% 2.99%
ICE BofA U.S. Treasury Bill Index 1.71%1.80%1.22%0.66%

Current performance may be lower or higher than the quoted past performance, which cannot guarantee future results. Share price, principal value, and return will vary, and you may have a gain or loss when you sell your shares. Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes. Returns before sales charge do not reflect the current maximum sales charges as indicated below. Had the sales charge been reflected, returns would be lower. Returns at public offering price (after sales charge) for class A and class M shares reflect the current maximum initial sales charges of 5.75% and 3.50% for equity funds and 4.00% and 3.25% for income funds (2.25% for class A of Putnam Floating Rate Income Fund, Short-Term Municipal Income, Short Duration Bond Fund, and Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund), respectively. Class B share returns reflect the applicable contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC), which is 5% in the first year, declining to 1% in the sixth year, and is eliminated thereafter (except for Putnam Floating Rate Income Fund, Putnam Short Duration Bond Fund, Putnam Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund, and Putnam Short-Term Municipal Income Fund, which is 1% in the first year, declining to 0.5% in the second year, and is eliminated thereafter). Class C shares reflect a 1% CDSC the first year that is eliminated thereafter. Performance for class B, C, M, N, R, and Y shares prior to their inception is derived from the historical performance of class A shares, adjusted for the applicable sales charge (or CDSC) and, except for class Y shares, the higher operating expenses for such shares (with the exception of Putnam Tax-Free High Yield Fund and Putnam AMT-Free Municipal Fund, which are based on the historical performance of class B shares). Performance for class A, C, R6, and Y shares of Putnam Mortgage Opportunities Fund before their inception is derived from the historical performance of class I shares, which have been adjusted for the applicable sales charge (or CDSC) and the higher operating expenses for such shares. Returns at public offering price (after sales charge) for class N shares reflect the current maximum initial sales charge of 1.50%. Class R5/R6 shares, available to qualified employee-benefit plans only, are sold without an initial sales charge and have no CDSC. Class Y shares are generally only available for corporate and institutional clients and have no initial sales charge. Performance for class R5/R6 shares before their inception are derived from the historical performance of class Y shares, which have not been adjusted for the lower expenses; had they, returns would have been higher. Class A shares of Putnam money market funds have no initial sales charge. For a portion of the period, some funds had expenses limitations or had been sold on a limited basis with limited assets and expenses, without which returns would be lower.

Performance snapshot

  Before sales charge After sales charge
1 mt. as of 07/31/20 0.83% -3.21%
YTD as of 08/03/20 -6.70% -10.43%

Yield

Distribution rate before sales charge
as of 08/03/20
4.26%
Distribution rate after sales charge
as of 08/03/20
4.09%
30-day SEC yield as of 07/31/20
(after sales charge)
3.52%

Volatility as of 06/30/20

Standard deviation (3 yrs.) 8.61%

Lipper rankings as of 06/30/20

Time period Rank/Funds in category Percentile ranking
1 yr. 91/127 72%
3 yrs. 65/120 54%
5 yrs. 51/96 53%
10 yrs. 6/31 19%
Lipper category: Alternative Credit Focus Funds

Morningstar Ratings as of 06/30/20

Time period Funds in category Morningstar Rating
Overall 282
3 yrs. 282
5 yrs. 238
10 yrs. 84
Morningstar category: Nontraditional Bond

Distributions

Record/Ex dividend date 07/16/20
Payable date 07/20/20
Income $0.023
Extra income --
Short-term cap. gain --
Long-term cap. gain --

Lipper rankings are based on total return without sales charge relative to all share classes of funds with similar objectives as determined by Lipper. Past performance is not indicative of future results.

The Morningstar RatingTM for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

The up-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has risen. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the up-market, and multiplying that factor by 100. The down-market capture ratio is used to evaluate how well an investment manager performed relative to an index during periods when that index has dropped. The ratio is calculated by dividing the manager’s returns by the returns of the index during the down-market and multiplying that factor by 100.


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Holdings

Fnma Fn30 Tba Umbs 03.5000 07/01/2050 16.85%
Fnma Fn30 Tba Umbs 04.0000 07/01/2050 11.73%
Gnma Gii30 Tba 04.0000 07/01/2050 2.02%
Republic Of Senegal Regs 06.7500 03/13/2048 0.92%
Fnma Fn30 Tba Umbs 05.5000 07/01/2050 0.76%
Republic Of Indonesia Regs 04.7500 01/08/2026 0.74%
Ivory Coast Regs 06.1250 06/15/2033 0.71%
Republic Of Senegal Regs 06.2500 05/23/2033 0.61%
Cas 2017-C02 2b1 05.6845 09/25/2029 0.57%
Cas 2015-C04 1m2 05.8845 04/25/2028 0.57%
Top 10 holdings, percent of portfolio 35.48%



Fixed income statistics as of 06/30/20

Average effective maturity 5.07 yrs.
Average effective duration 3.24 yrs.
Average yield to maturity 8.18%
Average coupon 5.23%

Maturity detail as of 06/30/20

0 - 1 yr. -4.89%
1 - 5 yrs. 69.24%
5 - 10 yrs. 28.78%
10 - 15 yrs. 3.87%
Over 15 yrs. 3.00%

Quality rating as of 06/30/20

AAA 61.32%
AA 1.60%
A 6.86%
BBB 10.43%
BB 19.04%
B 9.03%
CCC and Below 6.25%
Not Rated -14.53%

Fund characteristics will vary over time.

Due to rounding, percentages may not equal 100%.

Consider these risks before investing: Emerging-market securities carry illiquidity and volatility risks. Lower-rated bonds may offer higher yields in return for more risk. Funds that invest in government securities are not guaranteed. Mortgage-backed investments, unlike traditional debt investments, are subject to prepayment risk, which means that they may increase in value less than other bonds when interest rates decline and decline in value more than other bonds when interest rates rise. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Risks associated with derivatives include increased investment exposure (which may be considered leverage) and, in the case of over-the-counter instruments, the potential inability to terminate or sell derivatives positions and the potential failure of the other party to the instrument to meet its obligations. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. The value of investments in the fund's portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political or financial market conditions, investor sentiment and market perceptions, government actions, geopolitical events or changes, and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry or sector. International investing involves currency, economic, and political risks. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund's portfolio holdings. Our investment techniques, analyses, and judgments may not produce the outcome we intend. The investments we select for the fund may not perform as well as other securities that we do not select for the fund. We, or the fund’s other service providers, may experience disruptions or operating errors that could have a negative effect on the fund. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

Credit qualities are shown as a percentage of the fund's net assets. A bond rated BBB or higher (A-3 or higher, for short-term debt) is considered investment grade. This chart reflects the highest security rating provided by one or more of Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch. To-be-announced (TBA) mortgage commitments, if any, are included based on their issuer ratings. Ratings may vary over time. Cash, derivative instruments, and net other assets are shown in the not-rated category. Payables and receivables for TBA mortgage commitments are included in the not-rated category and may result in negative weights. The fund itself has not been rated by an independent rating agency.

Country allocation as of 06/30/20

United States 83.75%
Indonesia 1.64%
Ivory Coast 1.64%
Argentina 1.55%
Senegal 1.53%
Dominican Republic 1.47%
Mexico 1.16%
Brazil 1.05%
Egypt 1.04%
 
Other
5.17%
Canada 0.97%
Bermuda 0.66%
South Africa 0.53%
Russia 0.36%
Turkey 0.36%
Qatar 0.35%
United Kingdom 0.34%
El Salvador 0.30%
Ireland 0.30%
Kenya 0.30%
France 0.29%
Israel 0.26%
Switzerland 0.20%
Oman 0.17%
Chile 0.16%
Luxembourg 0.14%
New Zealand 0.13%
Venezuela 0.10%
Vietnam 0.10%
Norway 0.09%
Germany 0.07%
Jamaica 0.06%
Italy 0.05%
Netherlands 0.05%
Spain 0.05%
Cayman Islands 0.04%
Bahrain 0.03%
China 0.03%
Thailand 0.03%
Australia 0.01%
Singapore -0.01%
Sweden -0.02%
Japan -0.08%
Czech Republic -0.12%
European Community -1.13%

Expenses

Expense ratio

Class A Class B Class C Class M Class R Class R6 Class Y
Total expense ratio 0.98% 1.73% 1.73% 1.23% 1.23% 0.64% 0.73%
What you pay 0.98% 1.73% 1.73% 1.23% 1.23% 0.64% 0.73%

Sales charge

 Breakpoint Class A Class B Class C Class M Class R Class R6 Class Y
$0-$49,999 4.00% / 3.50% 0.00% / 4.00% 0.00% / 1.00% 3.25% / 3.00% -- -- --
$50,000-$99,999 4.00% / 3.50% 0.00% / 4.00% 0.00% / 1.00% 2.25% / 2.00% -- -- --
$100,000-$249,999 3.25% / 2.75% -- 0.00% / 1.00% 1.25% / 1.00% -- -- --
$250,000-$499,999 2.50% / 2.00% -- 0.00% / 1.00% 1.00% / 1.00% -- -- --
$500,000-$999,999 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- -- -- -- --
$1M-$4M 0.00% / 1.00% -- -- -- -- -- --
$4M-$50M 0.00% / 0.50% -- -- -- -- -- --
$50M+ 0.00% / 0.25% -- -- -- -- -- --

CDSC

  Class A (sales for $500,000+) Class B Class C Class M Class R Class R6 Class Y
0 to 9 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- -- --
9 to 12 mts. 1.00% 5.00% 1.00% -- -- -- --
2 yrs. 0.00% 4.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --
3 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --
4 yrs. 0.00% 3.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --
5 yrs. 0.00% 2.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --
6 yrs. 0.00% 1.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --
7+ yrs. 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -- -- -- --

Trail commissions

  Class A Class B Class C Class M Class R Class R6 Class Y
  0.25% 0.25% 1.00% 0.40% 0.50% 0.00% 0.00%
  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

For sales and trail commission information on purchases over $500,000 and participant-directed qualified retirement plans, see a Putnam fund prospectus and the statement of additional information.

The ICE BofA U.S. Treasury Bill Index is an unmanaged index that tracks the performance of U.S. dollar denominated U.S. Treasury Bills publicly issued in the U.S. domestic market. Qualifying securities must have a remaining term of at least one month to final maturity and a minimum amount outstanding of $1 billion. You cannot invest directly in an index.

Consider these risks before investing: Emerging-market securities carry illiquidity and volatility risks. Lower-rated bonds may offer higher yields in return for more risk. Funds that invest in government securities are not guaranteed. Mortgage-backed investments, unlike traditional debt investments, are subject to prepayment risk, which means that they may increase in value less than other bonds when interest rates decline and decline in value more than other bonds when interest rates rise. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Risks associated with derivatives include increased investment exposure (which may be considered leverage) and, in the case of over-the-counter instruments, the potential inability to terminate or sell derivatives positions and the potential failure of the other party to the instrument to meet its obligations. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses. The value of investments in the fund's portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political or financial market conditions, investor sentiment and market perceptions, government actions, geopolitical events or changes, and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry or sector. International investing involves currency, economic, and political risks. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund's portfolio holdings. Our investment techniques, analyses, and judgments may not produce the outcome we intend. The investments we select for the fund may not perform as well as other securities that we do not select for the fund. We, or the fund’s other service providers, may experience disruptions or operating errors that could have a negative effect on the fund. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

Credit qualities are shown as a percentage of the fund's net assets. A bond rated BBB or higher (A-3 or higher, for short-term debt) is considered investment grade. This chart reflects the highest security rating provided by one or more of Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch. To-be-announced (TBA) mortgage commitments, if any, are included based on their issuer ratings. Ratings may vary over time. Cash, derivative instruments, and net other assets are shown in the not-rated category. Payables and receivables for TBA mortgage commitments are included in the not-rated category and may result in negative weights. The fund itself has not been rated by an independent rating agency.